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Guidelines for Plagiarism Avoidance

Macao Polytechnic Institute Guidelines for Plagiarism Avoidance

  1. Introduction of Plagiarism

    Plagiarism is an act of fraud. It is using others' ideas and words without clearly acknowledging the source of that information.
  2. Plagiarism Avoidance

    1. give credit whenever you use another person's idea, opinion, theory, facts, statistics, graphs, drawings – any pieces of information – that are not common knowledge.
    2. quote another person's actual spoken or written words; or paraphrase of another person's spoken or written words.
    3. put in quotations everything that comes directly from the text especially when taking notes.
    4. paraphrase, but be sure you are not just rearranging or replacing a few words.
    5. check paraphrase against the original text to be sure you have not accidentally used the same phrases or words, and that the information is accurate.
    6. cite all the sources you have used in your work.
    The Macao Polytechnic Institute subscribes to Turnitin (, that is a website, amongst other things, to detect plagiarism in the academic work of both students and lecturers/researchers. Students are strongly advised to take a look at the website. Academic staff may also ask students to submit written work via Turnitin. Other useful links are given below.
  3. Useful Links

  4. Violation of the Plagiarism Policy

    If a student is suspected of plagiarism, the course teacher will discuss this with him/her and may also report it to the School Director / Programme Coordinator who shall conduct a thorough investigation. Established cases should be reported to the Pedagogic Committee for further consideration. The Plagiarism case will then be investigated further and a decision will be made about the conduct and any penalties a student would receive depending on the nature of the misconduct and also the stage that a student is at in his/her programme of study. A zero mark to that piece of work will normally be given if a student copied someone else's work or a student let someone copy his/her work.

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